Latest by Constantine Christofi

Publication

Tax Bites - May 2022

Published on 05 May 2022. By Adam Craggs, Partner and Constantine Christofi, Senior Associate

Welcome to the latest edition of RPC's Tax Bites - providing monthly bite-sized updates from the tax world.

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Blog

Changes made to top slicing relief held not to apply retrospectively

Published on 04 May 2022. By Constantine Christofi, Senior Associate

Changes introduced by Finance Act 2020 to top slicing relief are not retrospective in effect.

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Tax Bites - April 2022

Published on 07 April 2022. By Adam Craggs, Partner and Constantine Christofi, Senior Associate

Welcome to the latest edition of RPC's Tax Bites - providing monthly bite-sized updates from the tax world.

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Blog

Tribunal confirms TV presenter  not subject to IR35 rules

Published on 06 April 2022. By Constantine Christofi, Senior Associate

IR35 does not apply where a significant number of factors make it clear that a presenter "was in business on his own account".

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Blog

Payments to employees were "relevant motoring expenditure" and should be disregarded for the purposes of NICs

Published on 09 March 2022. By Constantine Christofi, Senior Associate

In Willmott Dixon Holdings Ltd v HMRC [2022] UKFTT 6 (TC) the First-tier Tribunal (FTT), held that payments to employees were "relevant motoring expenditure" (RME) and could be disregarded for the purposes of Class 1 National Insurance Contributions (NICs).

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Publication

Tax Bites - March 2022

Published on 03 March 2022. By Adam Craggs, Partner and Constantine Christofi, Senior Associate

Welcome to the latest edition of RPC's Tax Bites - providing monthly bite-sized updates from the tax world.

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Tax Bites - February 2022

Published on 03 February 2022. By Adam Craggs, Partner and Constantine Christofi, Senior Associate

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Welcome to the latest edition of RPC's Tax Bites - providing monthly bite-sized updates from the tax world.

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Blog

Minstrell Recruitment – HMRC not required to disclose the names of its officers involved in a Gross Payment Status revocation decision

Published on 19 January 2022. By Constantine Christofi, Senior Associate

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In Minstrell Recruitment Ltd v HMRC [2021] UKFTT 0344 (TC), the First-tier Tribunal (FTT) held that HMRC need not disclose the names of the HMRC officers involved in making a gross payment status (GPS) revocation decision where that decision had been successfully appealed, for the purpose of determining whether HMRC had acted unreasonably in the conduct of that appeal.

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Blog

Quarterly Contentious Tax Review – Winter 2021

Published on 22 December 2021. By Adam Craggs, Partner and Constantine Christofi, Senior Associate

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HMRC has extensive powers to require information and documentation from taxpayers. These powers were bolstered in the last Finance Act to include financial institution notices. Failure to comply with information notices can attract penalties. The most severe penalties are those imposed by the Upper Tribunal (UT). We examine, below, HMRC's increasing use of these powers, together with HMRC's penchant for 'nudge' letters and recent developments in the application of the transfer of assets abroad (TOAA) provisions.

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Blog

The Medical Defence Union – insurance premium rebates not taxable receipts

Published on 15 December 2021. By Constantine Christofi, Senior Associate

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Insurance premium rebate does not count as a taxable receipt, but instead is merely a (non-taxable) refund to the mutual fund for the benefit of its members.

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Publication

Tax Bites - December 2021

Published on 02 December 2021. By Adam Craggs, Partner and Constantine Christofi, Senior Associate

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Welcome to the latest edition of RPC's Tax Bites - providing monthly bite-sized updates from the tax world. As always, if there are any areas you would like more information on (or if you have any questions or feedback), please let us know or get in touch with your usual RPC contact.

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Blog

Crippin – ancillary dwelling qualified for principal private residence relief

Published on 24 November 2021. By Constantine Christofi, Senior Associate

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Ancillary property qualifies for principle private residence relief despite being informally rented to friends.

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Fashion on the Block – taxpayer successful with substance over form argument

Published on 10 November 2021. By Constantine Christofi, Senior Associate

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Erroneous EIS form submitted, SEIS1 required in its place; HMRC alerted to the mistake and told to allow rectification.

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Publication

Tax Bites - November 2021

Published on 04 November 2021. By Adam Craggs, Partner and Constantine Christofi, Senior Associate

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Welcome to the latest edition of RPC's Tax Bites - providing monthly bite-sized updates from the tax world.

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Publication

HMRC Target Cryptocurrency Investors

Published on 21 October 2021. By Adam Craggs, Partner and Constantine Christofi, Senior Associate

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HMRC has announced it will launch a new ‘nudge letter’ campaign that will target UK taxpayers who may have failed to pay tax due in respect of their cryptoassets.

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Blog

Quarterly Contentious Tax Review

Published on 13 October 2021. By Robert Waterson, Partner and Constantine Christofi, Senior Associate

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The Tax Law Review Committee (TLRC) has published an in-depth review of the First-tier Tribunal (FTT), how it operates and why. In some respects, it is not working as well as it could for certain users. The review makes a number of positive recommendations, which we discuss below, together with two important developments concerning (1) the requirement for HMRC to initiate a formal enquiry and (2) HMRC's strategy on settling disputes relating to the use of historic tax avoidance arrangements.

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Publication

Tooth and claw?: The meaning of words in tax assessments

Published on 05 October 2021. By Adam Craggs, Partner and Constantine Christofi, Senior Associate

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The concept of 'staleness' in the context of discovery assessments (assessments issued to taxpayers by HMRC outside of any statutory enquiry), gathered momentum following the Upper Tribunal’s decision in Charlton and others v HMRC [2011] UKFTT 467 (TC). As 'discovery' is only relevant to returns and tax years where HMRC has not opened a statutory enquiry, many commentators considered that the concept provided a degree of procedural fairness in the discovery assessment process, and that HMRC should not be permitted to delay issuing an assessment for a considerable period of time after making a discovery. As recently as February of this year, Judge Malek in the First-tier Tribunal (FTT) in Mehrban v HMRC [2021] UKFTT 53 (TC), noted that it was an “absurdity” to say that the concept of staleness does not exist.

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Blog

DNAe Group Holdings – Higher R&D relief claims available

Published on 29 September 2021. By Constantine Christofi, Senior Associate

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In DNAe Group Holdings Ltd v HMRC [2021] TC/201804348, the First-tier Tribunal (FTT) held that 125% research and development (R&D) tax credits for an SME was available, despite the company being the strategic investment vehicle of a larger group.

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Blog

Eclipse film partnerships settlement opportunity announced by HMRC

Published on 08 September 2021. By Adam Craggs, Partner and Constantine Christofi, Senior Associate

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HMRC announced on 6 September 2021 a settlement opportunity for current and former members of the Eclipse Film Partners (numbers 1 to 40) limited liability partnerships (the Eclipse LLPs), under which HMRC will agree not to seek to impose a 'dry tax' charge in exchange for members settling historic tax liabilities (with interest) and abandoning litigation against HMRC in relation to the Eclipse LLPs. If accepted by each taxpayer, approximately £1.6 billion of 'dry tax' will not be pursued by HMRC.

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Publication

Tax Bites - September 2021

Published on 02 September 2021. By Adam Craggs, Partner and Constantine Christofi, Senior Associate

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Welcome to the latest edition of RPC's Tax Bites - providing monthly bite-sized updates from the tax world.

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Blog

Contentious tax quarterly review 

Published on 25 August 2021. By Adam Craggs, Partner and Constantine Christofi, Senior Associate

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We consider the Supreme Court's decision in Tooth, concerning discovery assessments; and examine the contentious issue of when a taxpayer can rely upon a PAYE credit. We also review the increased focus by HMRC on cryptoassets and the challenges that might create for taxpayers.

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Kelly – Tax tribunal confirms re-discovery not permissible for the purposes of section 29 TMA

Published on 10 August 2021. By Adam Craggs, Partner and Constantine Christofi, Senior Associate

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In Sean Kelly v HMRC [2021] UKFTT 162, the First-tier Tribunal (FTT) confirmed the principle that a discovery can only be made once and HMRC cannot raise a new discovery assessment under section 29,Taxes Management Act 1970 (TMA), in respect of the same discovery.

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Golamreza – HMRC assessments and the burden of proof

Published on 14 July 2021. By Constantine Christofi, Senior Associate

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In Golamreza Qolaminejite (aka A Cooper) v HMRC [2021] UKUT 118 (TCC), the Upper Tribunal (UT) allowed the taxpayer's appeal in part on the basis that the First-tier Tribunal (FTT) had erred in law in failing to take all of the taxpayer's case into account in arriving at its decision.

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Publication

Tax Bites - July 2021

Published on 01 July 2021. By Adam Craggs, Partner and Constantine Christofi, Senior Associate

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Welcome to the latest edition of RPC's Tax Bites - providing monthly bite-sized updates from the tax world.

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Blog

Rediscovering ADR

Published on 23 June 2021. By Adam Craggs, Partner and Constantine Christofi, Senior Associate

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Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR), in the form of mediation, remains an important part of the tax dispute resolution process. In light of the backlog of cases caused by Covid-19, and the practice statement issued by the Tribunal last year, we expect that taxpayers and HMRC will begin to re-examine and embrace ADR which can be an effective method of resolving disputes with HMRC.

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Blog

Hargreaves - Burden of proof on HMRC in taxpayer information notice appeals

Published on 09 June 2021. By Constantine Christofi, Senior Associate

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In Hargreaves and others v HMRC [2021] UKFTT 80 (TC), the First-tier Tribunal (FTT) confirmed that the burden of proof in an appeal against an information notice issued under paragraph 1, Schedule 36, Finance Act 2008 (FA 2008), is on HMRC.

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Publication

Tax Bites - June 2021

Published on 03 June 2021. By Adam Craggs, Partner and Constantine Christofi, Senior Associate

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Welcome to the latest edition of RPC's Tax Bites - providing monthly bite-sized updates from the tax world.

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Blog

Mehrban – Discovery assessments invalid due to staleness

Published on 12 May 2021. By Constantine Christofi, Senior Associate

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In Kashif Mehrban v HMRC [2021] UKFTT 53 (TC) the First-tier Tribunal (FTT) held that a three-year delay in issuing a 'discovery' assessment issued pursuant to section 29,Taxes Management Act 1970 (TMA), resulted in the discovery becoming 'stale', even though the delay had not been the result of HMRC inaction.

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Publication

Tax Bites - May 2021

Published on 07 May 2021. By Adam Craggs, Partner and Constantine Christofi, Senior Associate

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Welcome to the latest edition of RPC's Tax Bites - providing monthly bite-sized updates from the tax world.

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Blog

Contentious tax quarterly review

Published on 30 April 2021. By Adam Craggs, Partner and Constantine Christofi, Senior Associate

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Rise in alternative dispute resolution Until relatively recently, HMRC imposed strict conditions on the timing of when an application for alternative dispute resolution (ADR) could be made, refusing to consider any application which was made after it had formally set out its position in its ‘statement of case’.

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Outram – Tribunal prevents HMRC from relying on new argument

Published on 14 April 2021. By Constantine Christofi, Senior Associate

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In Outram and another v HMRC [2021] UKFTT 29 (TC) the First-tier Tribunal (FTT) prevented HMRC from relying on a new argument contained in its skeleton argument which had not been included in its statement of case.

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Blog

Atholl House Productions: BBC Presenter wins IR35 case

Published on 17 March 2021. By Constantine Christofi, Senior Associate

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In HMRC v Atholl House Productions Ltd [2021] UKUT 0037 (TCC), the Upper Tribunal (UT) held that IR35 did not apply to a presenter who provided services to the BBC through a personal service company.

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Embiricos: HMRC cannot issue a partial closure notice without specifying the amount of tax due

Published on 17 February 2021. By Constantine Christofi, Senior Associate

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In HMRC v Embiricos [2020] UKUT 370 (TCC), the Upper Tribunal (UT),in allowing HMRC's appeal, has held that HMRC cannot issue a partial closure notice without specifying how much tax is due.

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Project Blue (No 2): HMRC must refund overpaid SDLT

Published on 20 January 2021. By Constantine Christofi, Senior Associate

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In Project Blue Ltd v HMRC [2020] UKFTT 475 (TC), the First-tier Tribunal (FTT) held that the taxpayer was entitled to repayment of SDLT, as part of the consideration for the property in question was contingent, within the meaning of section 51, Finance Act 2003 (FA 2003) and was never paid.

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McCabe: HMRC not required to disclose documents relating to discussions with the Belgian tax authority

Published on 16 December 2020. By Constantine Christofi, Senior Associate

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In Kevin McCabe v HMRC [2020] UKUT 266 (TC), the Upper Tribunal (UT) has held that the First-tier Tribunal (FTT) had been correct not to order HMRC to disclose documents relating to discussions it had with the Belgian tax authority, as the documents had no probative value and the tax authorities had raised confidentiality issues.

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Blog

RT Rate: Legitimate expectation rights not engaged

Published on 09 December 2020. By Constantine Christofi, Senior Associate

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In RT Rate Ltd and Others v HMRC [2020] UKFTT 392 (TC), the First-tier Tribunal (FTT) has held that it does not have jurisdiction to consider claims for repayment of VAT based on the EU law principle of legitimate expectation.

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Cheshire Centre – HMRC ordered to pay taxpayer's costs due to its unreasonable behaviour

Published on 18 November 2020. By Constantine Christofi, Senior Associate

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In HMRC v Cheshire Centre for Independent Living [2020] UKUT 275 (TCC), the Upper Tribunal (UT) ordered HMRC to pay the taxpayer's costs even though HMRC had been successful as it had acted unreasonably in introducing a new ground of appeal.

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Blog

Jurisdiction and the Rule of Law

Published on 04 November 2020. By Adam Craggs, Partner and Robert Waterson, Partner and Constantine Christofi, Senior Associate

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In R (oao Boulting & Anor) v HMRC [2020] EWHC 2207 (Admin), the High Court refused permission to bring a judicial review claim against HMRC, on the basis that the taxpayer had an 'alternative remedy'.

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Box – child benefit charge interpreted as 'income' for the purpose of discovery assessments

Published on 14 October 2020. By Constantine Christofi, Senior Associate

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In Martin Richard Box v HMRC [2020] UKFTT 353 (TC), the First-tier Tribunal (FTT) dismissed a taxpayer's appeal concerning liability to pay the high-income child benefit (HICB) charge, on the basis that the charge constituted income for the purpose of discovery assessments.

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Publication

Tax Bites - October 2020

Published on 01 October 2020. By Adam Craggs, Partner and Constantine Christofi, Senior Associate

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Welcome to the latest edition of RPC's Tax Bites - providing monthly bite-sized updates from the tax world.

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Blog

RBS – HMRC's application for specific disclosure refused

Published on 30 September 2020. By Constantine Christofi, Senior Associate

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In Royal Bank of Scotland Group Plc v HMRC [2020] UKFTT 321 (TC), the First-tier Tribunal (FTT) refused an application by HMRC for a direction requiring the taxpayer to provide specific disclosure.

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Contentious tax: quarterly review - September 2020

Published on 29 September 2020. By Adam Craggs, Partner and Constantine Christofi, Senior Associate

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The increased flow of information and data to HMRC under the common reporting standard (CRS) has prompted a flurry of so-called ‘nudge’ letters to be issued by HMRC to taxpayers whose offshore affairs it considers may not be in order.

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Blog

Ahmed - HMRC cannot 'refresh' penalty time limit  by reissuing information notices

Published on 23 September 2020. By Constantine Christofi, Senior Associate

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In Salim Ahmed v HMRC [2020] UKFTT 337 (TC), the First-tier Tribunal (FTT) allowed the taxpayer’s appeal against a penalty for failing to comply with an information notice because the penalty notice was not issued within 12 months of the taxpayer becoming liable to a penalty and HMRC could not refresh the time period by issuing a subsequent information notice which merely repeated earlier information notices.

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Publication

Tax Bites - September 2020

Published on 03 September 2020. By Adam Craggs, Partner and Constantine Christofi, Senior Associate

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Welcome to the latest edition of RPC's Tax Bites - providing monthly bite-sized updates from the tax world.

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Blog

Archer: No reasonable excuse

Published on 19 August 2020. By Constantine Christofi, Senior Associate

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In William Archer v HMRC [2020] UKFTT 0288 (TC), the First-tier Tribunal (FTT) confirmed that surcharge notices had been validly issued and that the taxpayer did not have a 'reasonable excuse' for non-payment as a result of his related judicial review claim.

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Michael Vaughan - High Court declines to rectify contract to prevent tax charge

Published on 12 August 2020. By Constantine Christofi, Senior Associate

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In (1) MV Promotions Ltd (2) Michael Vaughan v (1) Telegraph Media Group Ltd (2) HMRC [2020] EWHC 1357 (Ch), the High Court elected not to exercise its discretion to rectify a provision in a contract for services, despite a mutual mistake rendering one party liable for additional tax.

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Tax Bites - August 2020

Published on 06 August 2020. By Adam Craggs, Partner and Constantine Christofi, Senior Associate

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Welcome to the latest edition of RPC's Tax Bites - providing monthly bite-sized updates from the tax world.

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Royal Bank of Canada – Canadian bank liable to pay UK tax on assigned oil royalties

Published on 05 August 2020. By Constantine Christofi, Senior Associate

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In Royal Bank of Canada v HMRC [2020] UKFTT 267 (TC) the First-tier Tribunal (FTT) held that a Canadian bank was subject to UK tax on royalties assigned to it following its oil company creditor entering receivership.

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Sheiling - Belief in procedural invalidity of APN can constitute reasonable excuse

Published on 22 July 2020. By Constantine Christofi, Senior Associate

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In Sheiling Properties Ltd v HMRC [2020] UKUT 175 (TCC), the Upper Tribunal (UT), in dismissing an appeal against penalties for non-payment of accelerated payment notices (APNs), confirmed that a reasonable belief that the APNs were invalid could constitute a reasonable excuse for non-payment.

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Publication

Tax Bites - July 2020

Published on 02 July 2020. By Adam Craggs, Partner and Constantine Christofi, Senior Associate

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Welcome to the latest edition of RPC's Tax Bites - providing monthly bite-sized updates from the tax world.

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