Latest by Nicole Kostic

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National Car Parks - Are overpayments consideration for VAT purposes?

Published on 14 June 2019. By Nicole Kostic, Senior Associate

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In National Car Parks Ltd v HMRC [2019] EWCA Civ 854, the Court of Appeal has confirmed that excess amounts paid by customers at pay and display car parks were consideration for VAT purposes.

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Tooth – discovery assessment invalid as no inaccuracy in return

Published on 21 May 2018. By Nicole Kostic, Senior Associate

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In HMRC v Tooth [2018] UKUT 38, the Upper Tribunal (UT) has concluded that a discovery assessment issued by HMRC was invalid as the taxpayer's self-assessment did not contain an inaccuracy and in any event there was no deliberate intent by the taxpayer to bring about an insufficiency of tax.

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Volkswagen: CJEU provides guidance on the time limit for input VAT recovery

Published on 11 April 2018. By Nicole Kostic, Senior Associate

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In Volkswagen AG v Finančné riaditeľstvo Slovenskej republiky C-533/16, the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) has held that Member States cannot impose a time limit on input tax recovery that denies claims before the taxable person is in a position to exercise its right to recover.

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Stadion - CJEU confirms circumstances where different elements of a supply can be taxed at different rates

Published on 16 February 2018. By Nicole Kostic, Senior Associate

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In Stadion Amsterdam CV v Staatssecretaris van Financiën C-463/16, the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) has confirmed that, in the absence of specific statutory language to the contrary, a single supply, which includes two individually priced elements, is taxable at the rate of the principle supply.

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Upper Tribunal refuses permission for judicial review of HMRC's policy on prior misapplication of law

Published on 12 January 2018. By Nicole Kostic, Senior Associate

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In The Queen (on the application of R Clarke and others) v HMRC [2017] UKUT 379, the Upper Tribunal (UT) refused an application for permission to judicially review HMRC's decision not to compensate the taxpayer beyond the scope of its published policy contained in Business Brief 28/04.

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United Biscuits: High Court rejects claims for refunds of overpaid VAT

Published on 18 December 2017. By Nicole Kostic, Senior Associate

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In United Biscuits (Pension Trustees) Ltd and another v HMRC [2017] EWHC 2895 (Ch), the High Court held that pension fund management services by non-insurers are standard rated and dismissed the claimant's claim to recover VAT on investment management services for pensions.

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The Barty Party – HMRC's information notice was invalid

Published on 09 November 2017. By Nicole Kostic, Senior Associate

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In The Barty Party Company Limited v HMRC [2017] UKFTT 697, the First-tier Tribunal (FTT) allowed the taxpayer's appeal against an information notice which HMRC had issued pursuant to Schedule 36, Finance Act 2008, on the basis that the information notice was invalid.

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Chadwick – Discovery assessment on wrong person cannot be remedied by section 114 TMA

Published on 06 October 2017. By Nicole Kostic, Senior Associate

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In Chadwick (as trustee in bankruptcy of Mrs Gloria Oduneye-Braniffe) v The National Crime Agency [2017] UKFTT 656 (TC), the First-tier Tribunal (FTT) has held than an assessment issued to a trustee in bankruptcy was a gross error that could not be cured by section 114 of the Taxes Management Act 1970 (TMA).

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Oval Estates - Tribunal confirms deficiencies in invoices may not prevent VAT recovery

Published on 11 July 2017. By Nicole Kostic, Senior Associate

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In Oval Estates (Bath) Limited v HMRC [2017] UKFTT 403 (TC), the First-tier Tribunal (FTT) held that input tax was attributable to an identifiable supply and was recoverable despite allegations of deliberate and concealed behaviour.

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Märtin: Application directing HMRC to close its enquiry into tax avoidance scheme granted

Published on 10 July 2017. By Nicole Kostic, Senior Associate

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In Jörg Märtin v HMRC [2017] UKFTT 488 (TC), the First-tier Tribunal (FTT) directed HMRC to close its enquiry as it had taken no action in three years.

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BCM – Tribunal grants taxpayers' application for closure notices

Published on 22 May 2017. By Nicole Kostic, Senior Associate

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In BCM Cayman LP and others v HMRC [2017] UKFTT 0226 (TC), the First-tier Tribunal (FTT) directed HMRC to issue closure notices within specified time periods in respect of its enquiries into certain of the applicants' tax returns, pursuant to section 28B, Taxes Management Act 1970 (TMA) and paragraph 33, Schedule 18, Finance Act 1998 (FA 1998).

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Tribunal cancels penalty imposed against doctor and criticises unreasonable HMRC behaviour

Published on 18 April 2017. By Nicole Kostic, Senior Associate

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In Dr Ragini Pandey v HMRC [2017] UKFTT 0216 (TC), the First-tier Tribunal (FTT) cancelled a penalty which had been issued by HMRC under paragraph 1, Schedule 24, Finance Act 2007 and in so doing criticised HMRC's 'unreasonable' behaviour.

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Tribunal allows taxpayer's appeal against discovery assessment

Published on 24 January 2017. By Nicole Kostic, Senior Associate

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In Paul Munford v HMRC [2017] UKFTT 019 (TC), the First-tier Tribunal (FTT) considered the validity of a discovery assessment which had been issued by HMRC pursuant to section 29, Taxes Management Act 1970 (TMA) and allowed the taxpayer's appeal on the basis that HMRC had not discharged the burden of proving, for the purposes of section 36(1A), TMA, that the taxpayer had deliberately brought about a loss of capital gains tax.

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BBC prevented from submitting evidence in IR35 case

Published on 16 November 2016. By Nicole Kostic, Senior Associate

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In Paya Limited and Tim Willcox Limited v HMRC [2016] UKFTT 0660 (TC), the First-tier Tribunal (FTT) held that the BBC could not provide witness evidence of its own motion to the FTT in tax appeals, to which it was not a party.

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Upper Tribunal accepts reasonable excuse defence for late claim for repayment of tax

Published on 23 December 2015. By Nicole Kostic, Senior Associate

In Raftopoulou v HMRC [2015] UKUT 579, the Upper Tribunal (UT) has confirmed that a taxpayer can make a valid claim for repayment of overpaid tax ...

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Tribunal considers taxability of VAT repayments and interest

Published on 11 November 2015. By Nicole Kostic, Senior Associate

In Coin-a-drink Limited v HMRC [1], the First-tier Tribunal (FTT) considered the ability of HMRC to impose corporation tax on repayments of overpaid VAT and associated interest in the light of EU law.

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Tribunal considers jurisdiction in relation to 'special relief' and allows taxpayer's appeal

Published on 30 September 2015. By Nicole Kostic, Senior Associate

In James Ronaldson Scott v HMRC[1], a case in which the taxpayer appealed HMRC's refusal to grant "special relief" under paragraph 3A, Schedule 1AB, Taxes Management Act 1970 (TMA 1970) ...

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Success for taxpayer before the Supreme Court in pension scheme case

Published on 03 September 2015. By Nicole Kostic, Senior Associate

In John Mander Pension Scheme Trusts Limited v Commissioners for Her Majesty's Revenue and Custom's [1], the Supreme Court has allowed the appellant's appeal ...

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Court of Appeal rejects HMRC's appeal and application for a stay in judicial review proceedings

Published on 12 August 2015. By Nicole Kostic, Senior Associate

The Court of Appeal (Arden LJ, Black LJ and Floyd LJ) recently confirmed the circumstances in which the Court will exercise its case management powers and grant a stay where a taxpayer is pursuing both an appeal before the First-tier Tribunal ("FTT") and judicial review ("JR") proceedings in the Administrative Court.

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Late appeals: Tribunal confirms the correct approach to procedural errors in Citipost Mail v HMRC

Published on 24 July 2015. By Nicole Kostic, Senior Associate

The approach to procedural errors, such as the late filing of appeals and non-compliance with directions, has been the subject of a number of decisions over the past 18 months.

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Upper Tribunal prevents HMRC from reneging on a settlement agreement – Southern Cross Employment Limited

Published on 18 June 2015. By Nicole Kostic, Senior Associate

In our blog of 27 February 2014, we commented on the decision of the First-tier Tribunal ("FTT") in Southern Cross Employment Agency Limited v HMRC[1].

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