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Tax Take

Publication

VAT update March 2019

26 March 2019

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In this month’s update we report on (1) HMRC’s updated guidance on claiming exemption from Making Tax Digital for VAT; (2) the latest edition of HMRC’s impact assessment for the movement of goods if the UK leaves the EU without a deal; and (3) HMRC’s policy change on VAT treatment of personal contract purchases.

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Blog

Praesto - input tax recoverable on fees incurred in defending proceedings against its director

22 March 2019

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In Praesto Consulting UK Ltd v HMRC [2019] EWCA Civ 353, the Court of Appeal has held that a company was entitled to recover input tax on legal fees it incurred in defending civil proceedings brought against its director.

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Publication

New corporate criminal offence: Failure to prevent the facilitation of tax evasion

19 March 2019

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The Criminal Finances Act 2017, which received Royal Assent on 27 April 2017, introduces new strict liability corporate criminal offences of failure to prevent criminal facilitation of tax evasion. The legislation came into force on 30 September 2017.

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Blog

Time to abandon 'fairness'?

Published on 18 March 2019. By Adam Craggs, Partner

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In recent years the word 'fair' has become a common feature of HMRC's lexicon. It is often connected with claims by HMRC that a taxpayer is not paying his or her "fair share of tax". It is disseminated with predictable regularity across HMRC press releases, guidance notes and spokesperson's quotes.

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Blog

When does delay by HMRC render a discovery assessment invalid?

Published on 07 March 2019. By Constantine Christofi, Associate

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In the recent case of Clive Beagles v HMRC [2018] UKUT 380 (TCC), the Upper Tribunal (UT) held that a delay of nearly two and a half years between (i) HMRC discovering that a taxpayer's self-assessment tax return was insufficient and (ii) HMRC issuing an assessment, was too long. As the discovery had become 'stale' by the time of the assessment, the assessment was invalid.

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Blog

Curzon – contractor loan scheme notifiable under DOTAS but scheme administrator not a 'promoter'

Published on 04 March 2019. By Michelle Sloane, Senior Associate

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In HMRC v Curzon Capital Ltd [2019] UKFTT 0063 (TC), the First-tier Tribunal (FTT) has held that a contractor loan scheme was a notifiable arrangement for the purposes of the disclosure of tax avoidance arrangements (DOTAS) regime, but that the scheme administrator was not a promoter. Accordingly, HMRC's application for an order that the arrangements were notifiable was dismissed.

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Publication

Tax update - March 2019

04 March 2019

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In this month’s update we report on (1) clarification from HMRC on time limits for discovery assessments into tax returns where the loss of tax is due to avoidance; (2) HMRC’s updated guidance for settling disguised remuneration schemes; and (3) confirmation in Spotlight 48 that taxpayers who have taken out disguised remuneration loans do not need to obtain a deed of release or exclusion of the loan from the lender before HMRC will agree a settlement.

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Publication

VAT Update - February 2019

27 February 2019

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In this month’s update we report on (1) changes to the VAT IT system rules and processes if the UK leaves the EU without a deal; (2) EU exit legislation; and (3) revisions to HMRC’s Notice of Making Tax Digital for VAT.

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Blog

Jimenez - Court of Appeal confirms extra-territorial reach of information notices

Published on 25 February 2019. By Heather Rimmer, Associate

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In R (oao Jimenez) v HMRC [2019] EWCA Civ 51, the Court of Appeal has held that HMRC can issue an information notice to a taxpayer under paragraph 1, Schedule 36, Finance Act 2008 (FA 2008), even if he is non-resident.

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Publication

Customs and excise quarterly update: February 2019

22 February 2019

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In this update we report on the effect of a no deal Brexit in relation to (1) customs processes and procedures; (2) binding tariff information; and (3) changes to tax procedures. We also comment on three recent cases relating to (1) obtaining an injunction when HMRC revoke Authorised Warehousekeeper status; (2) the application of retrospective inward processing authorisation periods; and (3) the seizure of vehicles.

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Blog

Hegarty – HMRC information notices invalid

Published on 15 February 2019. By Michelle Sloane, Senior Associate

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In Hegarty v HMRC [2018] UKFTT 0774 (TC), the First-tier Tribunal (FTT) has held that HMRC issued invalid information notices under paragraph 1, Schedule 36, Finance Act 2008 (FA 2008), as it did not provide any evidence to support its suspicion that the taxpayers had paid insufficient tax.

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Publication

Corporate tax update Fourth quarter 2018

12 February 2019

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Welcome to the latest edition of our Corporate Tax Update, written by members of RPC’s tax team and published quarterly. In this final 2018 edition we highlight some of the key tax developments of interest to UK corporates from the fourth quarter of 2018.

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Blog

HMRC launches profit diversion compliance facility

Published on 12 February 2019. By Adam Craggs, Partner and Michelle Sloane, Senior Associate

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On 10 January 2019, HMRC launched their Profit Diversion Compliance Facility (PDCF). The PDCF is a new voluntary disclosure facility, aimed at multinational enterprises (MNEs), that provides them with an opportunity to disclose and correct tax inaccuracies relating to profits diverted out of the UK.

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Blog

Hymanson – HMRC's decision to revoke the taxpayer's fixed protection was unreasonable

Published on 11 February 2019. By Constantine Christofi, Associate

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In G Hymanson v HMRC [2018] UKFTT 667, the First-tier Tribunal (FTT) has held that HMRC’s decision to revoke the taxpayer's fixed protection was unreasonable and directed that it be reinstated. In so finding, the FTT applied the equitable maxim ‘that which should be done should be treated as having been done’.

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Publication

Tax update - February 2019

05 February 2019

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In this month’s update we report on (1) an Economic Affairs Committee report on treating taxpayers fairly; (2) HMRC’s extension of the deadline for responses to its consultation on the taxation of trusts; and (3) the Law Society’s practice note on the offence of failure to prevent the criminal facilitation of tax evasion. We also comment on three recent decisions relating to (1) the principles governing disclosure in the context of tax appeals;(2) business property relief under the Inheritance Tax Act 1984; and (3) the closure of an HMRC enquiry which was “drifting aimlessly”.

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Blog

Wilsons – HMRC unable to obtain law firm's records

Published on 04 February 2019. By Constantine Christofi, Associate

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In Wilsons Solicitors LLP v HMRC [2018] UKFTT 627 (TC), the First-tier Tribunal (FTT) has held that the obligation to keep records under the Money Laundering Regulations 2007 (MLR) does not make a law firm a relevant data-holder for the purposes of HMRC's data-gathering powers.

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Publication

VAT update - January 2019

31 January 2019

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In this month’s update we report on (1) refunds of VAT in the UK for non-EU businesses; (2) changes to the VAT treatment of retained payments; and (3) revised HMRC guidance on when and how to account for VAT when you transfer a business as a going concern. We also comment on three recent cases involving (1) irrecoverable output tax; (2) the deductibility of a repayment supplement from an interest award; and (3) whether a taxpayer had a legitimate expectation that HMRC guidance could be relied upon.

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Blog

Omagh: tax penalty was a "criminal charge" for the purposes of Article 6 of the ECHR

Published on 25 January 2019. By Heather Rimmer, Associate

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In Omagh Minerals Ltd v HMRC [2018] UKFTT 697 (TC), the First-tier Tribunal (FTT) has held that despite the civil nature of the underlying tax dispute, an aggregates levy penalty imposed on the taxpayer by HMRC was a "criminal charge" to which Article 6 (right to a fair trial), European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR), applied.

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Blog

Banks: A real Brexit tax

Published on 21 January 2019. By Constantine Christofi, Associate

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In A Banks v HMRC [2018] UKFTT 617, the First-tier Tribunal (FTT) heard an appeal by Mr Arron Banks against HMRC's decision to deny him relief on certain donations he and his companies had made to the UK Independence Party (UKIP). The FTT decided that his rights had been infringed under the European Convention on Human Rights (the Convention) but there was nothing it could do to remedy that infringement.

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Blog

Graham: taxpayer successfully appeals against APN penalty

Published on 11 January 2019. By Robert Waterson, Partner

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In Kevin Graham v HMRC [2018] UKFTT 661 (TC), the First-tier Tribunal (FTT) allowed the taxpayer's appeal against a penalty imposed by HMRC for non-payment of an accelerated payment notice (APN).

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Blog

Addo - Disclosure against HMRC in tax appeals

Published on 20 December 2018. By Constantine Christofi, Associate

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In Addo v HMRC [2018] UKFTT 530 (TC), the First-tier Tribunal (FTT) considered the principles governing disclosure in the context of appeals before the FTT. This blog is based on an article which was first published in Tax Journal on 22 November 2018. RPC acted for the taxpayer in this case.

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Blog

Vacation Rentals – taxpayer had legitimate expectation that HMRC guidance could be relied on

Published on 14 December 2018. By Michelle Sloane, Senior Associate

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In R (on the application of Vacation Rentals (UK) Ltd) (formerly The Hoseasons Group Ltd) v HMRC [2018] UKUT 383 (TCC), the Upper Tribunal (UT), has held that HMRC was bound by its published guidance in Business Brief 18/06 (BB18/06) concerning the treatment of payments for card handling services.

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Publication

Tax update December 2018

05 December 2018

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In this month’s update we report on (1) the published response to the consultation on creating a “fund structure” within the Enterprise Investment Scheme for investment in innovative knowledge-intensive companies; (2) the published response to the consultation on extending the IR35 rules to the private sector; and (3) the published response to HMRC’s tax abuse and insolvency discussion document. We also comment on three recent decisions relating to (1) penalties attaching to employment intermediaries returns (2); penalties for failing to file tax returns; and (3) CGT holdover relief where the transferor was a foreign controller of the transferee.

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Blog

Livery business qualifies for BPR for IHT purposes

Published on 05 December 2018. By Constantine Christofi, Associate

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In HMRC v Personal Representatives of the Estate of Maureen M Vigne [2018] UKUT 357 (TCC), the Upper Tribunal (UT), in dismissing HMRC's appeal, has confirmed that a livery business attracted business property relief (BPR) under section 105, Inheritance Tax Act 1984 (IHTA), as the business did not consist of wholly or mainly in making or holding investments.

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Blog

The Serpentine Trust Ltd – HMRC entitled to raise VAT assessments despite binding contractual agreement

Published on 03 December 2018. By Michelle Sloane, Senior Associate

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In The Serpentine Trust Ltd v HMRC [2018] UKFTT 535, the First-tier Tribunal (FTT) has held that although HMRC had agreed with the taxpayer one basis for calculating VAT, under its alternative dispute resolution (ADR) procedure, it was not precluded from raising VAT assessments on a different basis because the agreement reached was ultra vires and therefore void.

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Publication

VAT update November 2018

28 November 2018

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In this month’s update we report on new regulations adopted by ECOFIN which are intended to combat VAT fraud, infringement proceedings brought against Italy and the UK following publication of the so-called “Paradise Papers” and publication of the response to HMRC’s consultation on the “split payment” method of VAT collection. We also comment on three recent decisions relating to the scope of the FTT’s jurisdiction in relation to public law issues, input tax recovery by a student union shop and application of the reverse charge rules to investment management services received from outside the EU.

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Blog

Patel – HMRC ordered to close enquiry which was  "drifting aimlessly"

Published on 26 November 2018. By Heather Rimmer, Associate

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In Patel v HMRC [2018] UKFTT 0561 (TC), the First-tier Tribunal (FTT) directed HMRC, pursuant to section 28A, Taxes Management Act 1970 (TMA), to close its enquiry.

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Publication

Customs and excise quarterly update November 2018

Published on 26 November 2018. By Adam Craggs, Partner and Michelle Sloane, Senior Associate

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In this update we report on HMRC’s guidance on how to prepare for the Customs Declaration Service, the launch of the Customs Declaration Service and HMRC’s guidance on trading with the EU in the event of a no-deal Brexit. We also comment on three recent cases relating to the calculation of gaming duty, tariff classification of seasoned chicken meat and mobility scooters.

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Publication

Wealth and trusts quarterly digest

Published on 21 November 2018. By Adam Craggs, Partner

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Welcome to our latest Wealth & Trusts digest. Our quarterly digest is specifically tailored for you and aims to provide up to date commentary, analysis and guidance on key sector developments. It is written by our wealth and trusts teams to assist you and your clients in responding to market trends and legal developments.

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Blog

Thornton – Identifiable HMRC officer must determine penalties

Published on 19 November 2018. By Michelle Sloane, Senior Associate

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In Robert, Adam and Dorothy Thornton (trading as A* Education) v HMRC [2018] UKFTT 568 (TC), the First-tier Tribunal (FTT) has held that penalties for failure to file employment intermediaries returns (EIRs) were invalidly issued, as they had not been made by an identifiable officer of HMRC under section 100, Taxes Management Act 1970 (TMA).

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Griffiths – appeal against HMRC penalties allowed as notice to file was invalid

Published on 07 November 2018. By Alexis Armitage, Associate

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In Griffiths v HMRC [2018] UKFTT 0527 (TC), the First-tier Tribunal (FTT) has allowed the taxpayer's appeal against penalties imposed by HMRC as HMRC's notice to file a tax return was invalidly issued and in any event, the taxpayer had a reasonable excuse for failing to submit his return.

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Publication

Tax update November 2018

01 November 2018

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In this month’s update we report on proposals under consideration by the Treasury to extend capital gains tax relief to private landlords, HMRC’s factsheet on new higher penalties that it can impose where taxpayers have failed to declare and pay tax in relation to offshore matters and the annual report of Tax Inspectors Without Borders (TIWB). We also comment on three recent decisions relating to the partial writing-off of loans, Schedule 36 information notices and late filing penalties.

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Blog

Reeves - CGT holdover relief available where transferor is foreign controller of transferee

Published on 25 October 2018. By Constantine Christofi, Associate

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In Reeves v HMRC [2018] UKUT 293 (TCC), the Upper Tribunal (UT) has held that a non-resident taxpayer was entitled to holdover relief from capital gains tax (CGT) on a disposal he had made when he gifted his interest in a limited liability partnership (LLP) to a UK-resident company, of which he was the sole shareholder.

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Publication

VAT Update October 2018

24 October 2018

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In this month’s update we report on changes to the VAT treatment of supplies of digital services, the European Parliament’s adoption of changes which are intended to simplify VAT for small businesses and the European Commission’s proposals for VAT rates and intra-EU supplies. We also comment on three recent decisions relating to the VAT option to tax a property third party access to documents filed at the First-tier Tribunal and the validity of Alternative Dispute Resolution agreements that are wrong in law.

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Blog

Professional Game Match Officials – football referees not employed for tax purposes

Published on 22 October 2018. By Ben Roberts, Senior Associate

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In Professional Game Match Officials Ltd v HMRC [2018] UKFTT 528, the First-tier Tribunal (FTT) has held that football referees and other match day officials were not employees of Professional Game Match Officials Ltd (PGMOL).

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Blog

HMRC cannot require an auditor to provide information regarding a taxpayer's audited accounts even if the auditor also acts as the taxpayer's tax accountant

Published on 19 October 2018. By Adam Craggs, Partner

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In HMRC ex parte a Taxpayer [2018] UKFTT 541 (TC), the First-tier Tribunal (FTT) has held that paragraph 24, Schedule 36, Finance Act 2008 (FA 2008), protects a taxpayer's auditor, who also prepares and files the taxpayer's tax returns, from having to disclose information and documents to HMRC regarding the taxpayer's audited accounts.

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Publication

Corporate tax update

18 October 2018

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Welcome to the latest edition of our Corporate Tax Update, written by members of RPC’s tax team and published quarterly. In this third 2018 edition we highlight some of the key tax developments of interest to UK corporates from the third quarter of 2018.

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Blog

Done Brothers – supplies through fixed odds betting terminals exempt from VAT

Published on 15 October 2018. By Michelle Sloane, Senior Associate

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In Done Brothers (Cash Betting) Ltd v HMRC [2018] UKFTT 406 (TC), the First-tier Tribunal (FTT) has held that supplies made through fixed odds betting terminals (FOBT) are exempt from VAT.

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Atherley - qualifying loan write off created an allowable loss

Published on 08 October 2018. By Robert Waterson, Partner

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In Douglas Atherley v HMRC [2018] UKFTT 0408 (TC), the First-tier Tribunal (FTT) has found that the taxpayer's partial writing-off of a loan made to a company of which he was the sole shareholder, created an allowable loss under section 253(3), Taxation of Chargeable Gains Act 1992 (TCGA).

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Publication

Tax update October 2018

03 October 2018

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In this month’s update we report on HMRC’s Spotlight 45 on umbrella company avoidance schemes, an update to HMRC’s Venture Capital Schemes Manual; and call for evidence on HMRC powers.

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Blog

Newton – Tribunal confirms that "statutory records"  should be narrowly construed

Published on 01 October 2018. By Heather Rimmer, Associate

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In Newton v HMRC [2018] UKFTT 513 (TC), the First-tier Tribunal (FTT) has held that, due to the lack of taxpayer appeal rights, the definition of "statutory records" for the purpose of an information notice issued pursuant to Schedule 36, Finance Act 2008 (FA 2008), must be construed narrowly.

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Publication

VAT update September 2018

26 September 2018

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In this month’s update we report on the ECON committee’s amendments to the European Commission’s proposal for simplification of VAT for SMEs, the government’s technical note on the impact on VAT in the event of a no-deal Brexit; and Revenue and Customs Brief 6 (2018) on VAT exemption for all domestic service charges.

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Blog

Expion: No valid determination of penalties by HMRC

Published on 24 September 2018. By Constantine Christofi, Associate

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In Expion Silverstone Ltd v HMRC [2018] UKFTT 0460 (TC), the First-tier Tribunal (FTT) has held that no valid determination was made by an officer of the board under section 100, Taxes Management Act 1970 (TMA), in respect of penalties issued following the failure to file Employment Intermediaries returns.

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Blog

Graham - holiday letting business qualified for business property relief

Published on 13 September 2018. By Alexis Armitage, Associate

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In The Personal Representatives of Grace Joyce Graham (deceased) v HMRC [2018] UKFTT 0306 (TC), the First-tier Tribunal (FTT) has held that a furnished holiday letting business did not consist wholly or mainly of making or holding investments and so qualified for business property relief (BPR).

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Blog

Armstrong: Tribunal cancels late filing penalties

Published on 10 September 2018. By Robert Waterson, Partner

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In Armstrong v HMRC [2018] UKFTT 0404 (TC), the First-tier Tribunal (FTT) has cancelled late filing penalties because the taxpayer had not consented to receive penalty notices electronically.

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Publication

Tax update September 2018

06 September 2018

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In this month’s update we report on HMRC’s updated position regarding payment of the April 2019 “loan charge”, HMRC’s updated guidance on the targeted anti-avoidance rule for close company distributions on a winding up and the CIOT’s comments on off-payroll working in the private sector. We also comment on recent decisions relating to, late filing penalties, an application by HMRC to amend its Statement of Case and tax geared penalties for failure to comply with information notices.

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Publication

Corporate tax update

Published on 31 August 2018. By Ben Roberts, Senior Associate and Adam Craggs, Partner and Robert Waterson, Partner

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Welcome to the latest edition of our Corporate Tax Update, written by members of RPC’s tax team and published quarterly. In this second 2018 edition we highlight some of the key tax developments of interest to UK corporates from the second quarter of 2018.

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Blog

Pertemps: Expenses salary sacrifice scheme not an economic activity for VAT purposes

Published on 31 August 2018. By Alexis Armitage, Associate

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In Pertemps Limited v HMRC [2018] UKFTT 0369 (TC), the First-tier Tribunal (FTT) has held that a salary sacrifice scheme providing travel and subsistence expenses to employees was not an economic activity for VAT purposes.

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Publication

VAT update August 2018

29 August 2018

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In this month’s update we report on HMRC’s revised guidance on the VAT cost share exemption, HMRC’s consultation and plans to address VAT avoidance via offshore looping, and making tax digital for VAT.

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Customs and excise quarterly update August 2018

Published on 29 August 2018. By Adam Craggs, Partner and Michelle Sloane, Senior Associate

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In this update we report on changes to gaming duty accounting periods, HMRC’s policy paper on tobacco duty on heated tobacco and an amendment to the Export (Penalty) Regulations 2003. We also comment on three recent cases relating to the customs classification of Beyblades, excise duty assessment time limits and restoration of seized tobacco.

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