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Tax Take

Blog

Tribunal finds for the taxpayer in "income" versus "capital" payment dispute

Published on 11 January 2017. By Robert Waterson, Legal Director

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In James Allan Thornton v HMRC [2016] UKFTT 767 (TC), the First-tier Tribunal (FTT) considered the distinction between income and capital payments in the context of a settlement relating to rental property and held that a settlement payment made to a landlord as compensation for dilapidations to his property was a capital receipt.

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Draft Finance Bill 2017 - partial closure notices

Published on 06 January 2017. By Adam Craggs, Partner

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Tax analysis: we welcome the new rules on partial closures of tax enquiries and point out that the inflexibility in the current enquiry framework can lead to complex or multi-issue tax disputes taking an excessive amount of time to be resolved.

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Draft Finance Bill 2017—off-payroll working in the public sector

Published on 05 January 2017. By Michelle Sloane, Senior Associate

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Tax analysis: Adam Craggs, partner at RPC, and Michelle Sloane, senior associate at the firm, explain the reformed off-payroll rules for public sector engagements under the Finance Bill 2017.

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Upper Tribunal confirms that right to make VAT repayment claims belongs to representative member of VAT Group

Published on 03 January 2017. By Michelle Sloane, Senior Associate

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In HMRC v MG Rover Group Limited; Standard Chartered PLC v HMRC [2016] UKUT 434, the UT has confirmed that section 43, Value Added Tax Act 1994 (VATA) required repayment rights under section 80, VATA, to be held only by the representative member both before and after they have left the group or the group has been dissolved.

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GMAC (UK) Plc – Court of Appeal finds VAT bad debt relief provisions incompatible with EU law

Published on 29 December 2016. By Michelle Sloane, Senior Associate

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In HMRC v GMAC (UK) Plc [2016] EWCA Civ 1015, the Court of Appeal has held that the UK's legislation, which barred bad debt relief claims unless the debtor was insolvent and the property in the goods had passed, was incompatible with EU law.

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Biffin - Court grants injunction preventing HMRC from enforcement action

Published on 21 December 2016. By Constantine Christofi, Associate

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In Biffin Limited and Others v HMRC [2016] EWHC 2926 (Admin), the High Court has granted the taxpayers an injunction prohibiting HMRC from commencing enforcement action in respect of alleged tax liabilities.

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Kevin Reed v HMRC - Tribunal dismisses taxpayer's application for reinstatement of his appeal

Published on 12 December 2016. By Alexis Armitage, Associate

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In Kevin Reed v HMRC [2016] UKFTT 0653 (TC), the First-tier Tribunal (FTT) dismissed the taxpayer's application for reinstatement of his appeal which had been struck out for failing to comply with directions issued by the FTT.

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Icebreaker litigation: partial award of costs upheld as HMRC recognised as the "substantial victor"

Published on 06 December 2016. By Constantine Christofi, Associate

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In Bastionspark LLP and others v HMRC , the Upper Tribunal (UT) has held that the First-tier Tribunal (FTT) was entitled to find that HMRC had been the "substantial victor" and to make a partial award of costs in favour of HMRC notwithstanding that each party had been partially successful in an appeal against HMRC's decision regarding allowable expenditure.

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Spring Capital -Tribunal directs postponement of payment of tax

Published on 02 December 2016. By Constantine Christofi, Associate

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In Spring Capital Ltd v HMRC , the First-tier Tribunal (FTT) allowed the taxpayer's application for the postponement of payment of tax under section 55 Taxes Management Act 1970 (TMA), as it had a reasonable argument in relation to the underlying substantive issue.

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Publication

Tax update, December 2016

Published on 01 December 2016. By Adam Craggs, Partner

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In this update we report on HMRC’s new guidance on client notification regarding Common Reporting Standards, the targeting by HMRC of the UK’s richest people and HMRC’s progress in reviewing the so-called Panama Papers. We also comment on three recent cases on whether the Tribunal has jurisdiction to entertain an application to provide witness evidence made by a non-party to the appeal, an inheritance tax scheme which succeeded and the Ramsay principle in the context of a proposed scheme of arrangement.

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High Court considers the Ramsay principle in the context of a proposed scheme of arrangement

23 November 2016

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In Re Home Retail Group Plc , the High Court considered the so-called Ramsay principle of purposive construction in deciding whether a cancellation scheme following the sale of a business, to be carried out in connection with a takeover, fell within the anti-avoidance provisions contained in section 641(2A), Companies Act 2006 (CA 2006).

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VAT update, November 2016

Published on 23 November 2016. By Adam Craggs, Partner

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In this month’s update we report on new regulations which allow HMRC to refuse registration of VAT representatives, HMRC’s new policy on the correct treatment of VAT incurred by a business prior to its VAT registration and the EU’s extension of the UK’s VAT derogation permitting the UK to restrict input tax recovery on car leasing costs to 50% where the car is available for private use.

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Blog

BBC prevented from submitting evidence in IR35 case

Published on 16 November 2016. By Nicole Kostic, Senior Associate

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In Paya Limited and Tim Willcox Limited v HMRC [2016] UKFTT 0660 (TC), the First-tier Tribunal (FTT) held that the BBC could not provide witness evidence of its own motion to the FTT in tax appeals, to which it was not a party.

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Salinger: IHT scheme succeeds

Published on 11 November 2016. By Constantine Christofi, Associate

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In M L Salinger and J L Kirby v HMRC [2016] UKFTT 677 (TC), the First-tier Tribunal (FTT) held that the transfer of a reversionary interest had not been a transfer of value for Inheritance Tax (IHT) purposes and allowed the taxpayers' appeal.eal.

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Tax update, November 2016

Published on 02 November 2016. By Adam Craggs, Partner

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In this update we report on the proposed new corporate offence of failure to prevent facilitation of tax evasion, success against HMRC in the Supreme Court in relation to unlawful disclosure of confidential information and HMRC’s new specialist team which has been set up to tackle exploitation of freelance workers.

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Blog

Lomas – Court confirms statutory interest payable on insolvency is not 'yearly interest' and criticises HMRC's change of position

Published on 01 November 2016. By Michelle Sloane, Senior Associate

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In Lomas and others v HMRC [2016] EWHC 2492 (Ch), the High Court has confirmed that statutory interest payable on insolvency is not 'yearly interest' for UK tax purposes. The administrators therefore had no obligation to account for income tax on the interest payments made. The Court was also critical of HMRC's contradictory guidance on this issue.

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Partial success for taxpayer in Dutch-subsidiary quantification judgment following FII

Published on 28 October 2016. By Robert Waterson, Legal Director

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In Six Continents Ltd and Another v HMRC [2016] EWHC 2426 (Ch), the High Court held that the claimants are entitled to a credit at the foreign nominal rate (FNR) of corporation tax in respect of dividends paid from a Dutch subsidiary but are not entitled to a credit in respect of dividends linked to the return of share capital.

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VAT update, October 2016

Published on 26 October 2016. By Adam Craggs, Partner

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In this month’s update we report on new HMRC guidance in relation to retrospective VAT group treatment, use and enjoyment rules in relation to insurance repaid services and a new consultation on the introduction of a new penalty for those involved in VAT fraud. We also report on three recent cases involving the collection of commercial waste and whether this constitutes a “special purpose regime”, whether a stall at a craft fair amounted to the grant of a licence to occupy land and was not therefore exempt from VAT and whether a taxpayer can withdraw its request that the proceedings be excluded from the costs regime.

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Publication

Corporate tax update, third quarter 2016

20 October 2016

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Welcome to the latest edition of our Corporate Tax Update, written by members of RPC’s tax team and published quarterly. Summer 2016 will certainly go down as one of the more interesting in recent British history but developments in UK tax law continue regardless of the wider political turmoil. In this edition we highlight some of the key tax developments of interest to UK corporates from the third quarter of 2016. As far as the tax legislative timetable is concerned, in this quarter: the Finance Bill 2016 finally received Royal Assent on 15 September 2016 (known as Finance Act 2016); it was announced that this year’s Autumn Statement will be given on 23 November 2016; it was also announced that draft Finance Bill 2017 clauses will be published on 5 December 2016 (for consultation until 30 January 2017).

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Eden Consulting Services - Tribunal has no jurisdiction to consider HMRC's duty to act fairly in administering its statutory powers

Published on 18 October 2016. By Alexis Armitage, Associate

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In Eden Consulting Services (Richmond) Ltd v HMRC [2016] UKFTT 656 (TC), the First-tier Tribunal (FTT) determined, as a preliminary issue, that it did not have jurisdiction to consider HMRC's alleged conduct, behaviour and abuse of its powers in determining an appeal against unauthorised payment charges and that such issues are properly for judicial review proceedings and/or the HMRC Adjudicator.

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Blog

Stan Murray-Hession: Tribunal allows taxpayer's share loss relief claim

Published on 12 October 2016. By Constantine Christofi, Associate

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In Stan Murray-Hession v HMRC [2016] UKFTT 612, the First-tier Tribunal (FTT), held that Mr Murray-Hession (the Appellant) had subscribed for shares within the meaning of section 135(2), Income Tax Act 2007 (ITA), so that share loss relief, under section 131, ITA, was available.

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Tribunal rejects HMRC's attempt to transfer PAYE liability to employee

Published on 07 October 2016. By Adam Craggs, Partner

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In Stephen West v HMRC [2016] UKFTT 536 (TC), the First-tier Tribunal (FTT) allowed the taxpayer's appeal and confirmed that under the PAYE system the obligation to pay income tax fell on the employer, and liability will only be transferred to the employee under the regulation of the Income Tax (Pay As You Earn) Regulations 2003, if he has received his remuneration knowing that his employer has wilfully and deliberately failed to deduct PAYE.

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Publication

Tax update, October 2016

Published on 04 October 2016. By Adam Craggs, Partner

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In this update we report on the Worldwide Disclosure Facility recently announced by HMRC, new sanctions for failure to register, and the latest Spotlights published by HMRC. We also comment on some recent tax decisions relating to industrial buildings allowance, offsetting losses arising in a UK permanent establishment against profits earned by its UK business and opting out of the costs regime.

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Vat update, September 2016

Published on 29 September 2016. By Adam Craggs, Partner

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In this update we report on changes to the VAT treatment of single dwellings with more than one building, an extension to the simplified mechanism for employer input tax deductions in relation to investment management services and new guidance on HMRC’s powers to seek to recover underpaid VAT from online marketplaces. We also report on three recent cases involving MTIC fraud, reasonable excuse for late payment of VAT and whether supplies relating to fractional ownership interests in a property are exempt from VAT.

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N Brown Group Plc: Tribunal confirms there is no going back once a taxpayer has opted out of the costs regime

28 September 2016

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In N Brown Group Plc and Another v HMRC [2016] UKFTT 445 (TC), the First-tier Tribunal (FTT), has confirmed that it did not have the power to permit a taxpayer to withdraw its written request that the proceedings be excluded from the costs regime.

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Javed And Azra Mughal - Tribunal considers the rules relevant to "hardship" applications

Published on 21 September 2016. By Constantine Christofi, Associate

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In Javed and Azra Mughal (Partnership) Trading as Dallas Chicken and Ribs v HMRC [2016] UKFTT 456 (TC), the First-tier Tribunal (FTT) has considered the extent of information necessary for a 'hardship' application.

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Tribunal allows set-off of corporation tax loss against income tax profit

Published on 14 September 2016. By Robert Waterson, Legal Director

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In English Holdings Ltd v HMRC [2016] UKFTT 0346 (TC), the First-tier Tribunal (FTT) allowed an appeal by a non-UK resident company against a decision of HMRC refusing its claim to offset losses arising in its UK permanent establishment (PE) against profits earned by its UK property rental business.

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Errors of law in MTIC case leads to case being remitted to the First-tier Tribunal

Published on 09 September 2016. By Constantine Christofi, Associate

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In HMRC V Pacific Computers Ltd [2016] UKUT 350 (TCC), the Upper Tribunal (UT) has concluded that the First-tier Tribunal (FTT) made errors of law that had been material to the outcome of a taxpayer's appeal in a case involving missing trader intra-community (MTIC) fraud.

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Tribunal finds in taxpayer's favour in IBA case

Published on 02 September 2016. By Adam Craggs, Partner

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In David Wellstead v HMRC [2016] UKFTT 0492 (TC), the First-tier Tribunal (FTT) has held that where a developer acquired a lease of land, constructed industrial units on that land and sold one of the units by way of an under-lease, the grant of the under-lease amounted to the sale of a relevant interest for the purposes of section 296, Capital Allowances Act 2001 (CAA 2001), entitling the purchaser to claim industrial buildings allowances (IBAs) on the purchase price.

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Publication

Tax update, September 2016

Published on 31 August 2016. By Adam Craggs, Partner

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In this month's edition we report on (1) HMRC's much anticipated consultation on proposals to tackle disguised remuneration (2) further amendment to the Finance Bill 2016 in relation to EBT settlement relief and (3) HMRC's consultation on proposed penalties for "enablers" of tax avoidance arrangements. We also comment on three recent cases concerning penalties, scheme sanction changes and industrial buildings allowance.

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Harry Potter star loses £1m battle with HMRC

Published on 25 August 2016. By Robert Waterson, Legal Director

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The First-tier Tribunal (FTT) has held that a taxpayer's new accounts did not meet the requirements of section 217, Income Tax (Trading and Other Income) Act 2005 (ITTOIA), for a change in accounting date, as the accounts did not exist when HMRC were notified of the change.

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VAT update, August 2016

24 August 2016

In this month's edition of our VAT update we report on (1) the Law Society's response to HMRC's consultation on VADRA, (2) HMRC's new brief on TOGCs, and (3) HMRC's new policy paper on "Use and Enjoyment" of insurance repair. We also comment on three recent cases concerning Article 9 of the VAT Directive, repayment of VAT by an individual member of a VAT group, and a "hardship" application.

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SIPP scheme administrator avoids 'pension liberation' tax charge

17 August 2016

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In a recent case the First-tier Tribunal (FTT) has found that HMRC was wrong to refuse Sippchoice's application for the discharge of liability to scheme sanction charges in circumstances where it was not aware of a pension liberation scheme being operated in respect of the pension scheme's invested funds.

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Taxpayer succeeds on penalties issue in Pendulum scheme

Published on 10 August 2016. By Robert Waterson, Legal Director

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In a recent case the First-tier Tribunal (FTT) has found that a taxpayer was not fraudulent or negligent in the completion of his tax return when relying on the advice of his professional advisors.

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Taxpayer wins appeal against HMRC after receiving contradictory tax demand

Published on 04 August 2016. By Alexis Armitage, Associate

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In Walkers’ Baggage Transfer Company Ltd v HMRC [2016] UKFTT 0415 (TC), the First-tier Tribunal (FTT) has allowed the taxpayer's appeals and concluded that the appellant had accounted for the PAYE properly due in relation to one of its employees over a three year period.

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Publication

Tax update, August 2016

04 August 2016

In this month's edition we report on (1) HMRC's new guidance on contracting-out for defined benefit pension schemes (2) this years' tax take, (3) a new EU directive aimed at reducing corporate tax avoidance. We also comment on three recent cases concerning the validity of a discovery assessment, the tribunal's hardened approach to compliance with directions, and the validity of a notice of enquiry.

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VAT update, July 2016

28 July 2016

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In this month’s edition of our VAT update we will report on (1) the EU Council’s variation to the Principal VAT Directive relating to vouchers, (2) HMRC’s update on VAT Notice 708, and (3) a variation in the law on the applicably of VAT to offshore property held by insurers. We also comment on three recent cases concerning the supply of services by a bank, the applicability of VAT to an incomplete transfer of title, and whether VAT is payable on charitable donations.

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Tribunal allows taxpayer's appeal as notice of enquiry was invalid

Published on 27 July 2016. By Adam Craggs, Partner

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First-tier Tribunal (FTT) determined that HMRC had not given a valid notice of intention to enquire into the taxpayer's return because the purported notice of enquiry referred to tax year ended 6 April 2009, rather than 5 April 2009.

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High Court criticises HMRC's conduct finding that it breached taxpayer's legitimate expectation

Published on 20 July 2016. By Adam Craggs, Partner

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High Court criticises HMRC's conduct finding that it breached taxpayer's legitimate expectation

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Corporate tax update, second quarter 2016

19 July 2016

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On 23 June 2016 the UK voted to leave the EU in an historic referendum result. A period of some political, economic and social uncertainty will undoubtedly follow (and we've already had a turbulent few weeks) but as far as corporate tax is concerned there should be no immediate consequences. It remains to be seen what happens to the planned further reduction in corporation tax to 15% as announced by the then-Chancellor George Osborne. Some initial views on the likely corporate tax consequences of Brexit are set out below. It has also been announced that Royal Assent to this year's Finance Bill is not now expected before the Autumn. In the aftermath of the referendum result, it is perhaps easy to forget that some significant changes to the UK corporate tax regime are planned. Whether all of these changes now proceed, at the pace originally intended, will become clear in due course. In this edition we therefore also highlight some of the key tax developments of interest to UK corporates from the second quarter of 2016.

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Failure to comply with direction leads to strike out of taxpayers' appeals

Published on 15 July 2016. By Adam Craggs, Partner

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In the recent case of Grindley & Others v HMRC [2016] UKFTT 0834 (TC), the First-tier Tribunal (FTT) has directed that the taxpayers' appeals be struck out for failure to comply with a direction issued by the FTT.

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Tribunal finds HMRC was not entitled to issue a discovery assessment

Published on 08 July 2016. By Adam Craggs, Partner

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In Anderson v HMRC [2016] UKFTT 335 (TC), the First-tier Tribunal (FTT) allowed the taxpayer's appeal and held that HMRC was not entitled to issue a discovery assessment pursuant to section 29(1) TMA, as the taxpayer had not been careless.

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Publication

Tax update, July 2016

06 July 2016

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In this month's edition of our Tax Update we will report on HMRC's (1) revised corporate interest deductibility rules consultation, (2) new company taxation manual, and (3) off-payroll working and IR35 consultation. We also comment on three recent cases concerning 'trading', the applicability of income tax on employment termination payments, and SDLT planning.

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Tribunal dismisses taxpayer's appeal as trade not conducted on a commercial basis

Published on 30 June 2016. By Adam Craggs, Partner

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In Gray v HMRC [2016] UKFTT 0379 (TC), the First-tier Tribunal (FTT) has held that a taxpayer conducting promotional activities for his musician wife was not entitled to set losses from those activities against profits from his legal business.

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Publication

VAT update, June 2016

29 June 2016

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The result of last week's referendum on the UK's membership of the EU is likely to lead to a prolonged period of uncertainty in many areas of taxation

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Taxpayer victory in Project Blue SDLT sub-sale case

Published on 14 June 2016. By Robert Waterson, Legal Director

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Publication

Tax update

01 June 2016

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The Finance Bill 2016 contains provisions which will introduce a specific penalty linked to the General Anti-Abuse Rule (GAAR) provisions.

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