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Tax Take

Blog

Contentious tax: quarterly review

Published on 20 September 2019. By Adam Craggs, Partner and Michelle Sloane, Senior Associate

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In this quarterly review, Adam Craggs and Michelle Sloane consider HMRC’s increasing propensity to seek the production of documents from accountants and other professional advisers, HMRC’s new policy of challenging taxpayers’ loan relationships, and the increase in the number of domicile enquiries launched by HMRC.

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Blog

Tinkler - Notice of enquiry invalid

Published on 19 September 2019. By Constantine Christofi, Associate

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In Tinkler v HMRC [2019] EWCA Civ 1392, the Court of Appeal has allowed the taxpayer's appeal and held that HMRC's notice of enquiry under section 9A, Taxes Management Act 1970 (TMA), was invalid.

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Blog

Smart & Son - Supreme Court confirms VAT incurred on funds raised for business purpose was recoverable

Published on 06 September 2019. By Nicole Kostic, Senior Associate

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In HMRC v Frank A Smart & Son [2019] UKSC 39, the Supreme Court has held that a farming company was entitled to repayment of input VAT charged on its acquisition of single farm payment entitlement units which were related to its overall economic activities and future taxable supplies.

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Publication

Tax update - September 2019

05 September 2019

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In this month’s update we report on (1) HMRC’s consultation on draft regulations implementing the requirement to disclose certain cross-border arrangements; (2) the Financial Secretary to the Treasury’s statement to Parliament on HMRC powers; and (3) the government’s response to the Joint Committee’s recommendations on the Draft Registration of Overseas Entities Bill.

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Blog

Levy – Tribunal rejects application for final and partial closure notices

Published on 30 August 2019. By Constantine Christofi, Associate

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In The Executors of Mrs R W Levy v HMRC [2019] UKFTT 418 (TC), the First-tier Tribunal (FTT), has held that HMRC was not in a position to issue either a final or partial closure notice.

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Publication

Corporate tax update August 2019

27 August 2019

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Welcome to the latest edition of our Corporate Tax Update, written by members of RPC’s tax team. This month’s update reports on the key developments from July 2019 and includes a summary of the key business tax measures coming out of the publication of the draft Finance Bill 2020 legislation. There is also commentary on the draft regulations and consultation document published by HMRC on the UK’s implementation of DAC6 (mandatory disclosure of cross-border tax planning arrangements).

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Publication

Customs and excise quarterly update: August 2019

21 August 2019

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In this update we report on (1) revised guidance on the Customs Special Procedures for the Union Customs Code; (2) the consultation HMRC has opened into proposed changes to the rules for red diesel used in private pleasure crafts; and (3) the government’s programme to replace EU international agreements with bilateral agreements ready for the UK’s exit from the EU. We also comment on three recent cases relating to (1) whether HMRC has the power to permit temporary trading pending the determination of an appeal to the First-tier Tribunal; (2) excise wrongdoing penalties raised out of time; and (3) an appeal against an assessment for unpaid excise duty.

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Blog

ANO - pre-ordained transactions avoided CGT losses being caught by pre-entry loss rules

Published on 05 August 2019. By Adam Craggs, Partner

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In ANO (No1) Limited v HMRC [2019] UKFTT 406 (TC), the First-tier Tribunal (FTT) has held that a pre-ordained series of transactions implemented to avoid the application of Schedule 7A, Taxation of Chargeable Gains Act 1992 (TCGA) to pre-entry losses were effective.

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Blog

Inverclyde – Enquiry into LLP returns invalid as opened under incorrect statutory provisions

Published on 01 August 2019. By Heather Rimmer, Associate

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In Inverclyde and another v HMRC [2019] UKFTT 0408 (TC), the First-tier Tribunal (FTT) has held that enquiries opened, and closure notices issued, to limited liability partnerships (LLPs) were invalid as HMRC should have enquired into the LLPs returns under paragraph 24, Schedule 18, Finance Act 1998 (FA 1998) and not section 12AC, Taxes Management Act 1970 (TMA).

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Publication

Tax update - August 2019

01 August 2019

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In this month’s update we report on (1) HMRC’s summary of responses to its ‘protecting your taxes in insolvency’ consultation; (2) HMRC’s policy paper on the misuse of company insolvencies; and (3) HMRC’s new guidance on loan relationships and derivatives regime anti-avoidance rules.

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Blog

Corrado – Tribunal cancels follower notice penalties 

Published on 31 July 2019. By Adam Craggs, Partner

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In Giulio Corrado v HMRC [2019] UKFTT 275 (TC), the First-tier Tribunal (FTT) has set aside a follower notice penalty as the taxpayer's failure to take corrective action in response to a follower notice was reasonable in all the circumstances.

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Blog

Warshaw – preference shares equal to ordinary share capital and taxpayer entitled to entrepreneurs' relief

Published on 29 July 2019. By Michelle Sloane, Senior Associate

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In Steven Warshaw v HMRC [2019] UKFTT 268 (TCC), the First-tier Tribunal (FTT) has confirmed that as the relevant preference shares did not attract a fixed dividend, they could amount to ordinary share capital for the purpose of entrepreneur's relief (ER).

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Blog

Development Securities – Jersey-incorporated SPVs held not to be UK tax resident

Published on 26 July 2019. By Ben Roberts, Senior Associate

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In Development Securities plc and others v HMRC [2019] UKUT 0169 (TCC), the Upper Tribunal (UT) has held that a number of Jersey-incorporated companies were in fact resident for tax purposes in Jersey. This decision overturned the decision of the First-tier Tribunal (FTT), which had held that the companies were UK tax resident as a result of the central management and control (CMC) of the companies being exercised in the UK (through the companies’ parent). The UT took the view that the FTT had incorrectly concluded that the Jersey company directors had abdicated their decision-making responsibility.

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Publication

VAT update July 2019

23 July 2019

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In this month’s update we report on (1) the revocation of the VAT (Finance) (EU Exit) Order; (2) a recent HMRC Brief that clarifies HMRC’s policy on the scope of VAT for transport services; and (3) new regulations which amend the rules on when VAT adjustments may be made following a change to the price of goods and services.

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Publication

Corporate tax update July 2019

16 July 2019

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Welcome to the latest edition of our Corporate Tax Update, written by members of RPC’s tax team. This month’s report includes summaries of the recent decision of the Upper Tribunal on corporate tax residence in Development Securities plc, two ECJ decisions on cross-border loss relief and yet another decision on the application of the ‘IR35’ rules.

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Blog

Marks & Spencer – 'free' wine supplied as part of a promotional offer was subject to VAT

Published on 16 July 2019. By Nicole Kostic, Senior Associate

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In Marks and Spencer plc v HMRC [2019] UKUT 0182 (TCC), the Upper Tribunal (UT) has upheld the First-tier Tribunal's (FTT) decision that wine supplied 'free of charge' as part of a promotion was subject to VAT.

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Blog

OWD – HMRC unable to permit temporary trading pending appeal

Published on 12 July 2019. By Michelle Sloane, Senior Associate

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In OWD Ltd trading as Birmingham Cash and Carry (in Liquidation) and Anor v HMRC [2019] UKSC 30, the Supreme Court has held that HMRC does not have power under section 88C, Alcohol Duties Liquor Act 1979 (ALDA) or section 9, Commissioners for Revenue and Customs Act 2005 (CRCA), to permit temporary trading pending the determination of an appeal to the First-tier Tribunal (FTT) against HMRC's refusal to grant approval under the Alcohol Wholesalers Registration Scheme (AWRS).

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Blog

Haworth – Court of Appeal confirms HMRC misdirected itself and quashes payment notices

Published on 03 July 2019. By Adam Craggs, Partner and Constantine Christofi, Associate

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The recent unanimous judgment of the Court of Appeal in R (on the application of Haworth) v HMRC [2019] EWCA Civ 747, is the first successful judicial review challenge against follower and accelerated payment notices. The decision throws into question the way in which the relevant statutory provisions, contained in Finance Act 2014 (FA 2014), relating to follower and accelerated payment notices have been interpreted and operated by HMRC and as a consequence, many other notices may also have been issued by HMRC unlawfully.

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Publication

Tax update - July 2019

03 July 2019

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In this month’s update we report on HMRC’s updated guidance on the meaning of “ordinary share capital”, the Law Society’s response to HMRC’s off-payroll working rules consultation and changes to the principal private residence ancillary reliefs.

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Blog

Ritchie - FTT guilty of procedural unfairness

Published on 26 June 2019. By Constantine Christofi, Associate

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In Ritchie v HMRC [2019] UKUT 007 (TCC), the Upper Tribunal (UT) has held that the First-tier Tribunal (FTT) had erred in finding that a loss of tax had been brought about by carelessness on the part of the taxpayers' professional advisers because, amongst other things, the carelessness of the advisers had not been adequately pleaded by HMRC and had not been put to any of the witnesses in cross-examination.

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Publication

VAT update June 2019

21 June 2019

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In this month’s update we report on (1) amendments to the reduced VAT rate for energy-saving materials; (2) HMRC’s guidance on the VAT reverse charge on construction services; and (3) HMRC’s updated VAT Notice 700/1 – who should register for VAT.

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Blog

Derry - HMRC challenge to share loss relief claim flawed

Published on 18 June 2019. By Constantine Christofi, Associate

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In R (on the application of Derry) v HMRC [2019] UKSC 19, the Supreme Court has dismissed HMRC's appeal and confirmed that the taxpayer was entitled to claim share loss relief in the year in which the loss was incurred, rather than the following year.

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Blog

National Car Parks - Are overpayments consideration for VAT purposes?

Published on 14 June 2019. By Nicole Kostic, Senior Associate

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In National Car Parks Ltd v HMRC [2019] EWCA Civ 854, the Court of Appeal has confirmed that excess amounts paid by customers at pay and display car parks were consideration for VAT purposes.

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Publication

Tax update - June 2019

05 June 2019

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In this month’s update we report on HMRC’s guidance in relation to off-payroll working in the public sector and the intermediaries legislation (so-called IR35), the extension of late payment and repayment interest to penalties levied under the DOTAS, promoters, and enablers of tax avoidance, regimes; and HMRC’s guidance on the economic interest requirement for shareholders who wish to claim entrepreneurs’ relief.

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Blog

Tooth – Court of Appeal confirms discovery assessment was invalid

Published on 05 June 2019. By Heather Rimmer, Associate

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In HMRC v Tooth [2019] EWCA Civ 826, the Court of Appeal has held that a discovery assessment was invalid, but the taxpayer's inaccuracy in his return was deliberate.

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Publication

Corporate tax update May 2019

30 May 2019

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Welcome to the latest edition of our Corporate Tax Update, written by members of RPC’s tax team.

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Blog

Hannover - SDLT avoidance and corporate property deals – the importance of timing!

Published on 30 May 2019. By Ben Roberts, Senior Associate

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In Hannover v HMRC [2019] UKFTT 0262 (TC), the First-tier Tribunal (FTT) has held that the stamp duty land tax (SDLT) anti-avoidance rule in section 75A, Finance Act 2003, applied to a series of transactions that included the sale of units in a Guernsey property unit trust (GPUT), even though there was no tax avoidance motive and each transaction was 'appropriately' taxed.

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Publication

VAT update May 2019

30 May 2019

In this month’s update we report on (1) HMRC guidance on the correct treatment for the deduction of import VAT by non-owners of goods; (2) Regulations which introduce a VAT reverse charge on specified construction services; and (3) refunds of VAT in the UK for non-EU businesses.

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Publication

Customs and excise quarterly update: May 2019

28 May 2019

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In this update we report on (1) changes to customs authorisations following a no-deal Brexit; (2) making declarations using traditional simplified procedures; and (3) the Pubs Code Adjudicator’s guidance on accounting for duty paid on alcohol and volumes of unsaleable draught products.

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Blog

Q Ltd – interim injunction continued pending appeal

Published on 23 May 2019. By Michelle Sloane, Senior Associate

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In Q Ltd v HMRC [2019] EWHC 712 (QB), in considering the balance of risk, the High Court continued an interim injunction pending the outcome of the taxpayer's appeal to the First-tier Tribunal (FTT).

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Blog

HMRC's unreasonable conduct leads to costs award against it

Published on 20 May 2019. By Michelle Sloane, Senior Associate

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In E v HMRC [2018] UKFTT 771 (TC), the First-tier Tribunal (FTT) has found that HMRC acted unreasonably in not withdrawing an information notice earlier than it did and awarded the taxpayer his costs.

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Blog

Atherton – discovery assessment not stale and taxpayer was careless

Published on 10 May 2019. By Adam Craggs, Partner

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In Richard Atherton v HMRC [2019] UKUT 0041 (TCC) the Upper Tribunal (UT) has held that a discovery had not become stale by the time an assessment was issued under section 20, Taxes Management Act 1970 (TMA) and that the taxpayer had been careless in making an inadequate 'white space' disclosure in his self-assessment return.

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Publication

Tax update - May 2019

30 April 2019

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In this month’s update we report on HMRC’s consultation on private residence relief, HMRC’s revised guidance on agreeing the value of shares with HMRC Shares and Assets Valuation when operating an EMI or SIP and HMRC’s guidance on calculating tax and NICs due on the loan charge.

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Blog

Hargreaves: Even staler!

Published on 29 April 2019. By Constantine Christofi, Associate

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In Hargreaves v HMRC [2019] UKFTT 0244 (TC), the First-tier Tribunal (FTT) has again found that HMRC's discovery of an underpayment of tax had become 'stale' and accordingly the subsequent assessment issued under section 29, Taxes Management Act 1970 (TMA) was invalid.

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Publication

VAT update April 2019

25 April 2019

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In this month’s update we report on (1) HMRC’s updated guidance on intra-group VAT reverse charge; (2) draft regulations which will tighten the rules on when VAT adjustments may be made following a change to the price of goods and services; and (3) HMRC’s updated policy paper which provides an overview of Making Tax Digital for VAT.

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Blog

Snow Factor – Upper Tribunal determines the meaning of "financial extremity"

Published on 18 April 2019. By Michelle Sloane, Senior Associate

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In Snow Factor Ltd v HMRC [2019] UKUT 77 (TCC), the Upper Tribunal (UT) has determined the meaning of the phrase "financial extremity might be reasonably expected to result from that decision of HMRC" in section 85(B), Value Added Tax Act 1994 (VATA).

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Blog

Macleod – insurance premiums paid not earnings from taxpayer's employment

Published on 15 April 2019. By Constantine Christofi, Associate

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In Macleod and Mitchell Contractors Limited and William Mitchell v HMRC [2019] UKUT 0046 (TCC), the Upper Tribunal (UT) has held that insurance premiums paid by the company on policies taken out in the sole director's name were not earnings from employment.

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Tang - Bare trust existed notwithstanding lack of trust document

Published on 12 April 2019. By Michelle Sloane, Senior Associate

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In Lily Tang v HMRC [2019] UKFTT 81, the First-tier Tribunal (FTT) held that there was a bare trust despite the absence of a trust document and that the bare trustee was not liable to notify HMRC or for tax in relation to funds she held on trust.

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Publication

Is it now inevitable corporates will face new “failure to prevent economic crime” offences?

11 April 2019

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Back in September 2014, the then Attorney General, Jeremy Wright QC MP announced that the Government was considering proposals to create a new corporate offence of failing to prevent economic crime. A change of corporate culture was sighted as being necessary to fully address the scale of fraud reported by the Global Economic Crime Survey.

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Blog

Albatel - TV presenter wins £1.2m tax case

Published on 08 April 2019. By Heather Rimmer, Associate

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In Albatel Ltd v HMRC [2019] UKFTT 0195 (TC), the First-tier Tribunal (FTT) held that the so-called IR35 legislation did not apply to the provision of services by Lorraine Kelly to ITV.

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Gardner Shaw – directions subject to a pending appeal should not have been varied

Published on 01 April 2019. By Heather Rimmer, Associate

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In Gardner Shaw UK Ltd and others v HMRC [2018] UKUT 419 (TCC), the Upper Tribunal (UT) has held that the First-tier Tribunal (FTT) should not have varied directions which the FTT had previously issued, when they had been the subject of an unsuccessful appeal to the UT and when an appeal to the Court of Appeal was pending.

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Publication

Tax update - April 2019

01 April 2019

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In this month’s update we report on (1) HMRC’s guidance on self-reporting failure to prevent the facilitation of tax evasion; (2) HMRC’s consultation on secondary preferential creditor status on insolvency of a business; and (3) a Parliamentary Select Committee’s call for a public register of beneficial ownership in each British Overseas Territory. We also comment on three recent cases relating to (1) the concept of “staleness” in discovery assessment appeals; (2) a failed DOTAS application brought by HMRC; and (3) the extra-territorial reach of HMRC information notices.

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Publication

VAT update March 2019

26 March 2019

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In this month’s update we report on (1) HMRC’s updated guidance on claiming exemption from Making Tax Digital for VAT; (2) the latest edition of HMRC’s impact assessment for the movement of goods if the UK leaves the EU without a deal; and (3) HMRC’s policy change on VAT treatment of personal contract purchases.

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Blog

Praesto - input tax recoverable on fees incurred in defending proceedings against its director

22 March 2019

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In Praesto Consulting UK Ltd v HMRC [2019] EWCA Civ 353, the Court of Appeal has held that a company was entitled to recover input tax on legal fees it incurred in defending civil proceedings brought against its director.

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Publication

New corporate criminal offence: Failure to prevent the facilitation of tax evasion

19 March 2019

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The Criminal Finances Act 2017, which received Royal Assent on 27 April 2017, introduces new strict liability corporate criminal offences of failure to prevent criminal facilitation of tax evasion. The legislation came into force on 30 September 2017.

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Blog

Time to abandon 'fairness'?

Published on 18 March 2019. By Adam Craggs, Partner

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In recent years the word 'fair' has become a common feature of HMRC's lexicon. It is often connected with claims by HMRC that a taxpayer is not paying his or her "fair share of tax". It is disseminated with predictable regularity across HMRC press releases, guidance notes and spokesperson's quotes.

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Blog

When does delay by HMRC render a discovery assessment invalid?

Published on 07 March 2019. By Constantine Christofi, Associate

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In the recent case of Clive Beagles v HMRC [2018] UKUT 380 (TCC), the Upper Tribunal (UT) held that a delay of nearly two and a half years between (i) HMRC discovering that a taxpayer's self-assessment tax return was insufficient and (ii) HMRC issuing an assessment, was too long. As the discovery had become 'stale' by the time of the assessment, the assessment was invalid.

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Blog

Curzon – contractor loan scheme notifiable under DOTAS but scheme administrator not a 'promoter'

Published on 04 March 2019. By Michelle Sloane, Senior Associate

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In HMRC v Curzon Capital Ltd [2019] UKFTT 0063 (TC), the First-tier Tribunal (FTT) has held that a contractor loan scheme was a notifiable arrangement for the purposes of the disclosure of tax avoidance arrangements (DOTAS) regime, but that the scheme administrator was not a promoter. Accordingly, HMRC's application for an order that the arrangements were notifiable was dismissed.

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Publication

Tax update - March 2019

04 March 2019

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In this month’s update we report on (1) clarification from HMRC on time limits for discovery assessments into tax returns where the loss of tax is due to avoidance; (2) HMRC’s updated guidance for settling disguised remuneration schemes; and (3) confirmation in Spotlight 48 that taxpayers who have taken out disguised remuneration loans do not need to obtain a deed of release or exclusion of the loan from the lender before HMRC will agree a settlement.

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VAT Update - February 2019

27 February 2019

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In this month’s update we report on (1) changes to the VAT IT system rules and processes if the UK leaves the EU without a deal; (2) EU exit legislation; and (3) revisions to HMRC’s Notice of Making Tax Digital for VAT.

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